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Khulafa E Rashedeen Se Muhabbat

By: Hafiz Sher Muhammad Hafidahullah

Tehqeeq o Takhreej: Hafiz Zubair Ali Zai Rahimahullah

Romanised: Syed Ibraheem Salafi.
____________________


Mashhoor Sahabi Sayyiduna Abu Abdur Rahman Safinah Radhi Allahu Anhu, Maula Rasoolullah (ﷺ) se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ne farmaya:
خلافة النبوة ثلاثون سنة، ثم يؤتى الله الملك أو ملكه من يشاء
"Khilafat e Nabuwat tees saal (30 years) rahegi, phir Allah jise chahega apna mulk aata farmayega."
(Sunan Abi Dawood, Kitaab-us-Sunnah Baab Fee Khulafa, Hadees 4642. Wa Sanadahu Hasan)


Is hadees ko Tirmizi ney hasan (2226) Ibne Hibbaan (al-Ihsaan: 6904/6943) aur Imam Ahmed Bin Hambal (as-Sunnah Lil Khilaal: 636) ne Sahih kaha hai, neez dekhiye mahnamah al-hadees 8 (safa 11)

Is hadees ke rawi Sayyiduna Safinah Radhi Allahu Anhu ne apne shaagird ko khulafa e rashedeen ki ta'daad gin kar samjhayi,
(1) Abu Bakr Radhi Allahu Anhu ke do saal,(2) Umar Farooq Radhi Allahu Anhu ke dus saal (3) Usmaan Radhi Allahu Anhu ke baarah saal (4) Aur Ali Radhi Allahu Anhu ke chey saal.


Imam Ahmed Bin Hambal Rahimahullah farmatey hain:
"Khilafat ke baray mein safinah ki (bayaan kardah) hadees sahih hai aur main khulafa (e rashedeen ki ta'daad) ke baray mein is hadees ka qayil hon."
(Jami' Bayaan-ul-Ilm Fadhlih 2/225)


Sayyiduna Irbaaz Bin Saariyah Radhi Allahu Anhu se riwayat hai:
صلّى بنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات يوم، ثم أقبل علينا، فو عظنا مو عظةً بليغةً ذرفت منها العيون ووجلت منها القلوب، قال قائل؛ يا رسول الله اكأن هذه مو عظة مودع، فما ذاتعهد إلينا؟ فقال: أوصيكم يتقوى الله والسمع والطاعة وإن عبد حبشي، فإنه من يعش منكم يعدي فسيرى اختلافاً كثيراً، فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء المهديين الراشدين تمسكو ابها وعضوا عليها بالنوا اجذ، وإياكم ومحدثات الأمور، فإن كل محدثة بدعة وكل بدعة ضلالة
"Ek din Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ne humein namaz padhayi phir humari taraf rukh kar ke intehaayi fasih aur baleegh wa'z farmaya jis se (humare) dil dehal gaye aur aankhon se aanso jaari hogaye, kisi ne kaha: Ya Rasoolullah! goya yeh alwidaa' kehne waaley ka wa'z hai, aap humein kya (hukm) irshaad farmatey hain? Aap (ﷺ) ne farmaya: Main tumhen Allah se darney ki wasiyyat karta hun aur agar habshi bhi tumhara ameer ban jaaye tou (us ka hukm) sunna aur itaa'at karna, kiyunke mere baad jo shaksh zinda raha wo bahut ikhtilaaf dekhega, pas meri sunnat aur mere khulafa e rashedeen mehdiyeen ki sunnat ko mazbooti se, daanton ke saath pakad leyna aur muhdasaat se bachna kiyunke (deen mein) har muhdas bid'at hai aur har bid'at gumrahi hai."
(Sunan Abi Dawood: 4607. Wa Isnadahu Sahih)


Ise Tirmizi (2676) Ibne Hibbaan (Mawarid: 102) Haakim (al-Mustadrak 1/95,96) aur Zehbi ne sahih kaha hai.

Is sahih hadees mein jin khulafa e rashedeen ki sunnat ko mazbooti ke saath pakadney ka hukm diya gaya hai un se muraad Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddiq, Sayyiduna Umar Al-Farooq, Sayyiduna Usmaan Zun-Noorain aur Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu Anhum muraad hain.

In mein se pehle do Nabi (ﷺ) ke sasur aur doosre do damaad hain, pehle dono khulafa e rashedeen mein Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Radhi Allahu Anhu sabiq al-emaan (sab se pehle emaan laane waale) aur Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ke baad mutlaq taur par sab se afzal hain, phir shaheed e mehraab hain. Phir Umar Farooq Radhi Allahu Anhu ka numbar hai, doosre dono khulafa e rashedeen mein Sayyiduna Usmaan Radhi Allahu Anhu Aap (ﷺ) ke do betiyon ke shauhar hain aur Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu Anhu Sayyidah Fatima Radhi Allahu Anha ke shauhar hain.

Abul Hasan al-Asha'ri (died 324 hijri) farmatey hain:
ولدين الله بأن الأئمة الأربعة خلفاء راشدون مهديون فضلاء لا يوازيهم فى الفضل غيرهم
"Aur humara yeh mazhab hai ke ayimma e arba (Abu Bakr o Umar aur Usmaan o Ali) khulafa e rashedeen mehdiyyeen hain, yeh sab (doosron se) afzal they, doosra koi (ummati) fazilat mein in ke barabar nahi."
(Al-Ibadah Fi Usool-id-Diyanah Safa 60 Fiqrah: 29 Doosra Nuskha Safa 11)


Abu Jafar at-Tahawai (died 321 hijri) ki taraf mansoob kitaab aqeedah at-tahawiyah mein bhi inhi khulafa ko khulafa e rashedeen qaraar diya gaya hai. Dekhiye Sharah Aqeedah at-Tahawiyah Tehqeeq Shaykh Albani (Safa 533_548)

Har musalmaan par yeh farz hai ke wo in khulafa e rashedeen aur tamaam Sahaba E Kiraam Radhi Allahu Anhum Ajma'een se muhabbat rakkhe.

Tambeeh: Sahih muslim ke baaz nuskhon mein "عن أبي ریحانۃ عن سفینۃ" ki sanad se bayaan kardah ek hadees ke baad likha huwa hai ke, us ney kaha: Aur wo boodha hogaya tha aur main us ki hadees par itemaad nahi karta tha."
(Darsi Nuskha Jild 1 Safa 149 Hadees 326 Wa Maa' Sharah An-Nawawi Jild 4 Safa 9 Wa Fath al-Mulhim Jild 3 Safa 164)


Is qaul mein boodhey se kaun muraad hai? Is ki tashreeh mein Allamah Nawawi wagera farmatey hain: "wo safinah hai" (Sharah Sahih Muslim Lin Nawawi 4/9)

Jabke Hafiz Ibne Hajar ke tarz e aamal aur Ibne Khalfoon ke qaul se yehi saabit hota hai ke "wo Abu Raihanah (Abdullah bin Matar) hai. Dekhiye Tehzeeb ut Tehzeeb (Jild 6 Safa 34,35) aur yehi baat rajeh hai, yane Ismaeel Bin Ibraheem (urf Ibne Ulayyah) ke nazdeek Abu Raihanah abdullah bin mitr boodha hogaya tha aur wo (Ibne Ulayyah) is (Abu Raihanah) par itemaad nahi kartey they.

Yaad rahe ke jumhoor muhaddiseen ke nazdeek Abu Raihanah muassiq hai lehaza wo Hasan ul Hadeees hai. Walhumdulillah.

Ishaat ul Hadith, Shumarah: 13 Safa 46-48
 
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