Istikhara Ke Masai'il


Abdul Mussavir

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Istikhara ke Ahkaam wa Masail

Article By :- Ghulam Mustafa Zaheer Amanpuri Hafizahullah
Romanized By :- Er. Abdul Mussawwir

Ta’areef
:- kisi jayz kaam me Allah تعالى se khair wa bhalayi talab karna .

Ehmiyat:-

Khair wa Sharr(Burayi) har kaam ke 2 pehlu hai kisi bhi kaam se khair hasil kar lena aur sharr se salamati ke sath guzar jana insaan ke bass me nhi yeh qudrat sirf Allah kareem ke pass hai aur istikhara naam hai Khud supurdgi ka , ke Allah me yeh kaam karne ja rha hu to tu iska waqeel hai usme khair ata farma, esa bhi hota hai ke ek kaam me bazahir khair nazar ati hai magar us me khair hoti nhi hai ya khair ke sath sharr bhi ata hai isiliye chahiye ke har kaam se pehle istikhara kar liya jaaye aur woh kaam Allah ki negahbani me sar-anjaam diya jaye,taqe sharr khatam ho aur zindagi khushiyo ka isti’ara ban jaaye.

Hafiz Nawawi رحمه الله likhte hai :-

Har kaam se pehle istikhara mustahabb hai uss me bazahir khair ho ya na ho
(Sharah Sahi Muslim 144/5)

Istikhara ka Tareeqa

Istikhara Nabi ﷺ ki sunnat aur musalmano ke liye mehfuz qila hai, hamare yaha yeh sunnat ko intehayi bhayanak tabeere pehna di gayi hai isse zouq islaam ke mutabik samjhne ke bajaye is qadr uljha diya gya hai ke khuda ki panah.

Istikhara yeh hai ke 2 rakah ada kare aur dua istikhara padh kar kaam shuru kare maslan

1) Rishta tay karne ke liye ghar se nikle to istikhara kare
2 Karobaar shuru karne se pehle istikhara kare
3) Safar par ravana hone se pehle istikhara kare

yeh zehan ke istikhara baad so jaaye khawab me ishara milega be-haqeeqat hai quran wa sunnat se sabit nhi .

Dua e Istikhara


Sayedna Jabir bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه bayan karte hai ke Nabi kareem ﷺ hume tamam kaamo me istikhara yu sikhate jese Quran ki surat sikha rahe ho , Farmate kisi kaam ka irada ho to 2 rakat ada kare aur yeh dua padhe..


اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ،فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلاَ أَقْدِرُ وَتَعْلَمُ وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ
(yaha pe woh kam jiske liye aap istikhara kar rhe hai woh bole)

خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي فَاقْدُرْهُ لِي وَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ
(yaha pe woh kaam jiske liye aap istikhara kar rhe hai woh bole)

شَرٌّ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ، وَاقْدُرْ لِي الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ أَرْضِنِي بِهِ



Tarjuma :-
Ya Allah me tujhse tere ilm ke waseele se khair ka talib hu teri qudrat ke waseele iss kaam par qudrat wa taqat chahta hu tere fazl azeem ka sawali hu tu qudrat rakhta hai me nhi rakta tu jaanta hai me nhi jaanta tu ghaib ko khub janta hai , rabb kareem !! agar yeh kaam mere deen , muaashh aur anjaam kaar ke liye behtar hai to muje iski toufeeq ata farma isse mere liye asaan kar aur ba barqat bana , agar yeh kaam mere deen , muaash aur anjaam kaar ke liye bura hai to mujse dur karde, use mujhse dur karde aur mere liye behtar fesla farma aur uss par itminaan naseeb farma.
( Sahi Bukhari Hadees Num 6382)

”Dua me ((هَذَا الأَمْرَ)) ki jagah apni zarurat bayan kare”

Mangni ke Liye Istikhara

Nabi kareem ﷺ ne mangni ke liye istikhara ki makhsoos dua sikhayi hai aur istikhara khud kare , kisi se karwana durust nhi , tv channel par istikhara karobaar aam hai , dusro ke liye istikhara kiya jata hai , yeh shikam parori (Pet Palna) ka jariya to ho sakta hai par shariyat nhi hai unse bache aur Allah se talluq majbut kare isi me behtari hhai .

1) Sayedna Abu ayub ansari رضي الله عنه bayan karte hai ke Rauslullah ﷺ ne farmaya “ kisi ko nikah ka paigham bheje to usse posheeda rakhe wuzu kare namaz padhe , Allah tala ki hamd wa sana bayan kare aur yeh dua padhe :

اللهُمَّ إِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلَا أَقْدِرُ، وَتَعْلَمُ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ، فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ لِي فِي فُلَانَةَ
- -، (yaha Aurat/admi ka naam)
خَيْرًا فِي ديني وَ دُنْيَايَ، وَآخِرَتِي فَاقْدِرْهَا لِي وإن كان غيرها ألي منها خَيْرًا ألي منها فِي ديني و دُنْيَايَ. وَآخِرَتِي فَاقْضِ لِي بِهَا

“” Ya Allah ! tu taqat rakhta hai , me nhi rakta , tu janta ha, me nhi janta , tu hi ghaib ko jaan ne wala hai , agar fala aurat (yaha aurat ya mard ka naam liya jaaye) mere deen , duniya aur akhirat ke liye behtar hai to usse mera muqaddar bana de agar koi dusri aurat mere deen ,duniya aur akhiratke liye behtar hai to mere haq me iska faisla farma “

(Al moajjam kabeer at tbirani 133/4 hadees 3901)

Is hadees ko imam ibn Khuzaima رحمه الله ne aur imam ibn hibban ne sahi kaha hai

2) Nabi kareem ﷺ ne sayeda zainab رضي الله عنه ko paigham nikaah bheja to unhone kaha

مَا أَنَا بِصَانِعَةٍ شَيْئًا حَتَّى أُوَامِرَ رَبِّي، فَقَامَتْ إِلَى مَسْجِدِهَا،

“me us waqt tk koi kaam nhi karti jab tk apne rabb se istikhara na karlu , yeh keh kar apni jaye-namaz par khadi ho gyi .

Istikhara ke Chand Masail

1) Amli zindagi me istikhara ka ehtemaam chahiye
2) Ek kaam ke liye istikhara kiya woh kaam na kar sake,dobara wohi kaam karna chahte hai to naya istikhara karna hoga

إذا هم بالأمر

“ jab kisi kaam irada kare ( to istikhara karle) “
“هم
se murad pukhta irada hai

3) istikhara ki mustaqal namaz hai koi dusri namaz usse kifayat nhi karti

Allama Muhammad Abdur Rehmaan Mubarakuri رحمه الله
“من غير الفريضة”
ke alfaaz ki sharah me likhte hai yeh “alfaaz daleel hai ke farz namaz ke baad dua istekhara padhne se sunnat istekhara ada nhi hoti” (Tohfatul Awzee 2/482)

4) Dua istikhara namaz ke baad ki jaaye, Allama shokani رحمه الله likhte hai

“ hadees jabir se namaz istikhara ki mashrooiyat iske baad dua par daleel hai . isme kisi ka ikhtelaaf nhi hai .”

5)Bil-ittefaq Ulema Qiraam namaz istikhara mustahabb sunnat e Moaqadah hai, wajib nhi .

Hafiz Iraqi رحمه الله :- mere Mutabiq kisi ne namaz istekhara ko wajib nhi kaha hai (Fath ul bari 11/221)

6) Namaz istikhara ki qirat muttayeen nhi , koi bhi surat padhi ja sakti hai dua

7) dua istikhara yaad karle , uske maini aur muttaliq sikhe yaad na ho to dekh kar bhi padhi ja sakti hai

8) istikhara me nayabat jayz nhi , saheb e muamla hi istikhara kare

9) ek kaam me ek baar istikhara karna chahiye baar baar istikhara durust nhi

Istikhara aur aslaaf-e-ummat

Aslaaf ummat khair wa bhalayi ke har kaam me sabqat rakhte hai , balqe khair ke tamam amooran se jude hue hai, istikhara par unka ba-qasrat amal raha hai

Sayedna Abdullah bin zubair رضي الله عنه ne Tameer qaba ke liye istikhara kiya , Farmaya

إِنِّي مُسْتَخِيرٌ رَبِّي ثَلَاثًا، ثُمَّ عَازِمٌ عَلَى أَمْرِي

“ me apne rabb se 3 dafa khair ka talab gaar hua , fir uska ajm kar liya” (Sahi muslim 1333)

Istikhara me Hikmat

Istikhara me hikmat yeh hai ke duniya wa akhirat ki bhalaya samet-le , istikhara me aajazi wa inkashari ka izhaar aur tawheed rabbani ka iqraar hai, insaan aitraaf karta hai ke tamam tar bhalaiyaa Allah ke hath me hai , 2 raka namaz ada karke apna muamla uske supurd kar deta hai aur iqrar karta hai ke Allah تعالى hi matasarrif (Qabiz ) hai Bhalayi ata karna aur sharr se dur karna usi ki qudrat hai.



25/02/2019
 
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